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How Safe Is Your Bakery From Fire Hazard ?

fire safety in bakeries , fire hazard in bakery
In 20 years of   baking  career  I had come across  numerous fire incidents  in bakery  plants  . Few were  severe  others  were   of  smaller nature . These  fire  incidents  raises doubt  about the   safety  standards in the factory . Plant management has to  convince  people  that  things  will not be repeated to  erase  fear  from  minds of  workers .The  damage caused  and the production loss  are heavy  in  such incidents . It  takes numerous months  to get  the  insurance  claims from insurance companies . Any   casualty  in these incidents   would  have  resulted in closure of  plants , hence  every precaution should be take  to prevent  or eliminate these fire  incidents.

Plant  were

Biscuit Plant
Fire  in  Ovens
Fire  in bopp laminate  waste  in scrap  yards

Bread  Plant
Fire in ovens

You can  see that  majority  of   fire  have taken in baking area ie  is  oven area , its  natural that most risky  place in the  bakery production process is oven area  with  fuel like  hsd , ldo , gas and rfo  , even electric ovens are now being used in bakery process .

Following has contributed  to fire  in these cases

The hose pipe  in burner came out  from burner  and fell on the hot plate of the burner zone thus inciting fire

Scrap yard  caught  fire  as some one threw  butt of cigarettes  in that area .

In  all the incidents , accumulation of  bread,crumbs ,debris and remnant  inside the the oven  mostly  in swing tray type oven has contributed  for these fire  incident .

Following precautions  could have reduced  and helped people to react to  fire hazard in bakery .

  • Get  a insurance cover for  accidents , fires for the factory
  • Cleaning of oven periodically definitely  would help .
  • Have  Emergency lights  in different  area 
  • Check  all  manual  drives to take out  things  from oven 
  • Have Emergency number written in major production area
  • Have mock drills in regular interval
  • Check   all fire  safety equipments  by  third party
  • Do the fire extinguishers refilling after  the  expired dates
  • Designate  some technical person as safety officer  to concentrate on safety issues
  • Get  the NOC  license from local bodies 
  • Training of workers  for  equipment  used in process  also helps  in reduction of  fire hazards
  • Give  safety ppe  to workers  in hot areas
  • Use  HOT working cards   for jobs inside the 
  • Get fire hydrant  installed for  long term solution
  • Have atleast UPS  to drive   the material out of  ovens.
  • Storage of  Fuel  and Gas  to   adhere to  legal  specification of  the authorities .
  • Install  Fire  extinguishers  in  plant 
  • Fire Hydrant  Hose Pipes in several  locations 
  • Install  smoke  and heat detectors  in fire prone area .
 Its only when such incident happens that the factory management looks into safety aspect . Simple  lapses from factory management could result  in heavy loss to the company.

Here  are documents  asked  by  insurance companies   for  claim  in fire incident .

Insurance  Policy copy 
2.  Claim form
3.  Fire  brigade report
4. Police   FIR
5. Witness  statement ( any two )  first hand acct
6.  Cause of accident in detail
7.  Pics  of  the fire incident
8. List  of  damaged  items
9. Log sheet  of production  report  
10.  Stock statement  of the plant 
11. Detail calculation of  the loss
12  Raw  mat cost supported by  purchase invoices
13  Costing of   WIP and FG
14.  Destruction certificates for  the burnt material
15  Balance sheet
16. Material  to be kept till insurance company approves the damage and loss of material

So its better to have fire safety in place and avoid  fire hazards in bakeries


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