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Parameters For Fat As Ingredient In Bakery

One of the major ingredients  in bakery product is fat  . Fat could be used as palm oil , palmolien , hydrogenated  vegetable oil  and others

To use fat and oils   following parameters  are to be checked  it varies from  product to product and countries to countries .

moisture percentage

peroxide value

butryo refractometer reading or refractive index

Iodine value

saponification value

 oelic acid

unsaponification  matter

Flash Point

argemone oil   - negative
anti toxidant TBHQ

lead ( Pb )

New Standard Pack Size To Be Introduced Soon

Indian  Fmcg  would  have to  implement  standard pack sizes  which were  offloaded since  2004  where fmcg manufacturers were allowed  to  have non  standard  weights  such as  18 g , 36g , 89g  etc. which has made consumers confused  while relating  and calculating   the price comparisons with  quantity of different brands .

Maximum impact  would  be on  confectionery  , soaps , coffee and edible oil  manufacturers   companies  which  would have impact would be Britannia ,Parle , ITC , Hindustan  lever , Nestle and Cadburys .

Manufacturers have to  exhaust  inventories of existing packing  and change over to  new weights  , which may lead to  price increase in most of the  skus  and  product  availability in market .Packaging cost would  hit  the profit margins as well it might also results in lowering of demand for few products . Reduction of grammage has been major  cost reduction drive for many fmcgs  , keeping margins thru  lower weights at same price without any hike in the price .

Finally its the consumer which would gain  from rationalization  of packet weights giving them a clear picture of price comparison vis-a-vis  weight .

The  law  states that the packet weight which are  below 100g  to  label their products in terms of  25g, 50g,75g,100g  above 100g to 300g it would be  100g, 150g,200g ,250g  and above it would be in multiples of 100g  such as 200g ,300g,400g etc . Ministry  of Consumer affairs  has shortlisted 19 categories of product to start with new norms  applicable  from  1st , July 2012 .Earlier law enacted was under  standards of weights and measure ( Packaged Commodities) Rule , 1977.

here  are  the  new  standard weights  norms under  Indian Legal Metrology Packaged Commodities Rules

 Product  category              New weight as per  proposed amendments 

Baby food 100g,200g,300g,400g,500g,600,g, 700 g,800 g, 900g,1 kg, 2 kg, 5 kg and 10 kg
Weaning food 100g,200g,300g,400g,500g,600,g, 700 g,800 g, 900g,1 kg, 2 kg, 5 kg and 10 kg
Biscuits 25g, 50g, 75g, 100g, 150g, 200g, 250g, 300g and thereafter in multiples of 100g up to 1 kg
Bread including brown bread but excluding bun. 100g and thereafter in of multiples 100g
Un-canned packages of butter and margarine 25 g, 50 g, 100 g, 200 g, 500 g, 1 kg, 2 kg, 5 kg, and thereafter in multiples of 5 kg
Cereals and Pulses 100g, 200g, 500g, 1 kg, 2 kg, 5 kg and thereafter multiples of 5 kg
Coffee 25g, 50g, 100g, 200g, 250g, 500g, 1kg and thereafter in multiples of 1kg
Tea 25g, 50g, 100g, 125g 250g, 500g, 1kg and thereafter in multiples of 1kg
Edible Oils Vanaspati, ghee, butter oil 50 g, 100 g, 200 g, 500 g, 1 kg, 2 kg, 3 kg, 5 kg and thereafter in multiples of 5 kg
Milk Powder Below 50g no restriction, 50 g, 100g, 200g, 500 g, 1 kg and thereafter in multiples of 500 g
Non-soapy detergents (powder) Below 50 g no restriction, 50g, 100g, 200g, 500g, 700g, 1kg, 1.5 kg, 2 kg and thereafter, in multiples of 1 kg.
Rice(powdered), flour, atta, rawa and suji 100g, 200g, 500g, 1kg, 2kg, 5 kg and thereafter in multiples of 5 kg.
Salt Below 50g in multiples of 10g, 50g, 100g, 200g, 500g, 750g, 1 kg, 2 kg, 5 kg and thereafter in multiples of 5 kg
Soaps 25g, 50g, 75g, 100g, 125g, 150g, the multiples of 50g
Aerated soft drinks, non-alcoholic beverages 65 ml (fruit based drinks only), 100 ml, 125ml(fruit based drinks only), 150 ml, 200 ml, 250 ml, 300 ml, 330ml(in cans only), 500 ml, 750 ml, 1 litre, 1.5 litre, 2 litre, 3 litre, 4 litre and 5 litre
Mineral water and drinking water 100 ml, 130 ml, 150 ml, 200 ml, 250 ml, 300 ml, 330 ml, 500 ml, 600 ml 750 ml, 1 litre, 1.2 litre, 1.5 litre, 2 litre, 3 litre, 4 litre and 5 litre

source : Legal Metrology Packaged  Commodities  Rule .

latest news on standard pack rule

Happy Happy From Parle

happy happy cookies , parle biscuit brand , parle brands , happy biscuit
Parle  has recently  launched  a new  chocochip cookie  named - Happy  Happy   to  cater  for lower segment of  premium biscuit  which could be bought by  common  man  with price tag  of  Rs 5/- . Premium segment of chocochip variant is catered by its  Hide -seek and Milano  brands.Competition comes from  Britannia s  Tiger  & Choconut varieties .

Britannia's " Good Day " Completes 25 years

Britannia  's power  brand  Good day  completes  its  25 years of existence launched in 1986   and is worth more  than  Rs 100 crore brand   rightly placed  as one of the power brand from Britannia .which includes Marie , Milk bikkis, Bourbon , Fifty - Fifty ,  Nutri choice

good day , britannia good day , good day from britannia , good day biscuit
Good Day  complete 25 years 
Its origin can  be attributed to the  Britannia  R & D which bridged  the  gap  of biscuit and cookies . Good Day  is the major  product  as far as market leaders  from Britannia is concerned . Good Day  biscuits could not be replicated by competitors  like Parle , ITC and now  United Biscuits . Of course  Unibic  has come closer by creating a cookies niche  in biscuit segment successfully .

Rich  in recipe  the  Good Day  has  been popular among masses  with its  bite and taste . In addition Britannia   has used  ingredients like  cashew , pistacchio  and  chocolate  to add spice to it brand .

Good Day  biscuit  has now many variants  such  as   Butter , Cashew , Pista ,Chocochips, Choconuts . Britannia has planned to showcase Good Day  with human touch in its tvc and media campaign .

Industrial Sewing Machine For Conveyors

Most of Indian biscuit manufacturer use  cotton conveyors  for their   conveyor  requirements  and with  time these  cotton conveyors  get worn out and start  tearing   apart  at various places  , thus  conveyor web related break down  are  very  high  in  such  biscuit  unit. Stitching  of web  is time consuming if done manually .

Solution  to these  problem   have been  tackled by  following steps .

Preventive maintenance method  where by a dedicated  web inspection team is formed to monitor the health of conveyors and immediate action is taken to prevent further  damage

Replacement  done irrespective  of  cotton web condition  after  deciding  the life of conveyor .ie  12 months, 18 months etc.

cotton conveyor , cotton webs , stitching cotton conveyor , industrial sewing machine
To reduce the time taken to  repair the damaged cotton web , industrial sewing machines are now being introduced to stitch the worn out  cotton conveyors  as  manual stitching takes more time . Industrial sewing machines are motorised and  need  a platform  to perform the operations in less time . The quality of job obtained from  these machines  is  good in comparison to manual stitching as the threads generally do not come out in  case of job done through  industrial sewing machine.

One of the most popular industrial sewing machine  which have found application in biscuit industry is  "JUKI"  sewing machines , it has wide range of industrial sewing machine to cater various application in biscuit industry .

Parameters For Bakery Ingredients - Flour

In series  of  parameters  used  for major  ingredients  in bakery industry . we  would explore parameters  for flour .

Total  Ash
Acid Insoluble
Wheat germ oil acidity
Alcoholic  acidity
Gluten %
Water absorption % ( WAP)
Sedimentation value (  SV )
Ageging ( Millers  end )
Maltose  Value
Falling No
Alfa toxins
Heavy Metals

Each parameter  is important with different  values  or  standards  for  different  bakery products . Hence a professional baker or  bakery  needs to  evaluate  flour  quality  with above mentioned parameters .

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